moulding process to replicate nanometre-scale structures.


Nanoimprint is classified into two types according to the difference in moulding method. Thermoplastic nanoimprint utilizes temperature and pressure controls with thermoplastic materials. Photo nanoimprint utilizes light irradiation with photo-curable materials. The hot-embossing process, a conventional technique, is a similar fabrication process to the thermoplastic nanoimprint. In some cases, hot-embossing and nanoimprint are distinguished through the moulding processes to form bulk film materials and thin-film materials on a substrate, respectively.


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