Artificial organ


An equipment that substitutes a malfunctioning organ and takes over part of or the entire functions of it temporarily or eternally.

Cardiac pacemakers, artificial hearts, lungs, valves, vessels, blood, kidneys, pancreases, livers, joints, bones, skins, cochleas, and many other artificial organs have been researched, developed, and clinically applied. In many cases, an artificial organ takes over not the entire functions of the original organ but only the primary functions. Since the final goal is to implant artificial organs in the body, most of them are expected to be of the same size and shape of natural organs from the anatomical point of view, or even lighter and smaller. Application of micromachine technology to artificial organs, especially for those requiring sensors and actuators, is expected.


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